Steps in the selection process in HRM

Selection is the process by which candidates for employment are divided into two classes, those who will be offered employment and those who will not. “Dale Yoder”

Particularly,  The Basic steps are as below.

Steps in selection procedures.

  1. Reception of applications
  2. screening & Preliminary interview
  3. Application Blank
  4. Psychological test (Vary with Positions)
  5. Interview
  6. Background investigation
  7. Reference check
  8. Waiting
  9. List of desirable applicants
  10. Final selection by interviewers
  11. Physical examination
  12. Negative decision or Placement

Reception of applications

The first step is receiving job applications from the candidates. It happens when companies post a job advertisement on job portals or platforms Like, LinkedIn, and various other websites.

Screening & Preliminary interview

This interview is a screening/Shortlisting process in which prospective applicants are shortlisted based on their education, experience, skills, current salary, expected salary, the reason for leaving their present job, their job interest, communication skills, and whether they are available for the job.

It is conducted by the recruiter. Generally, it’s a telephonic interview or a form forwarded to candidates through email or link.

Application Blank

Furthermore, Application blanks are to the forms which are forwarded to candidate to provide their details as below.

Biographical data

Name, father`s name, date of birth, age, sex, Nationality, Physical disability, Marital status, etc.

Educational Attainment.

It includes all the information related to the education of the candidate like CGPA for a professional degree.

Work experience

Previous experience, the number of Jobs held with the same or previous employer, the nature of duties and responsibilities, Duration of various assignments, salary received, the reason for leaving the present employer.

Salary and benefits

It includes the present and expected salary.

Periodical items

It includes extra-curricular activities, sports, hobbies, books read, countries, traveled, etc.

Other items

Name of the previous employer, references, etc.

Psychological test

To decide that a particular individual has the level of ability, knowledge, interest, and aptitude for the job. Certain employment tests are conducted such as intelligence tests.

  • Aptitude test
  • Personality test
  • Simulation test
  • Assessment Center
  • Employment Interview

Moreover, It is the oral examination of the candidate for employment. The interview gives the recruiter an opportunity to ask questions that are not covered in the test to judge his personality, temperament and to brief the applicant about the job.

It can be structured or unstructured.

There are various kinds of interviews such as informal interviews, formal interviews, planned interviews, patterned interviews, panel interviews, group interviews, depth interviews, stress interviews nondirective.

Background Investigation (checking references)

The Personal department engages in checking references. This will fetch information about the candidate`s regularity at work, character, etc.

Physical or medical examination.

Certain jobs require certain physical qualities like clear visions, perfect hearing, stamina, Tolerance for long work hours, clear voice, etc. The candidates must submit a medical certificate issued by medical professionals like doctors which certifies candidates in physical fitness to work in the company.


At Last, it’s the time of joining the organization, employees are given an appointment letter.

Employees are assigned their duties by the employer with the onboarding phase.

Finally, Congratulation on your new Job

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